Blood is the life maintaining thing of body, which circulates through our heart, veins, capillaries, and arteries. Blood caries away the carbon dioxide and waste matter, and brings electrolytes, nourishment, vitamins, antibodies, oxygen, heat, and hormones to the body tissues.
As the functions of blood are complex and many, they are so many diseases that need proper care by physicians. So many blood disorders are taking place in children. The most common blood disorders in children include bleeding disorders, anaemia, blood cancer, Sickle Cell Disease, Thalassemia, Haemophilia, leukaemia, and Thrombocytopenia.
This is one of the most common blood disorders in children, which occurs if healthy red blood cells level in the body decreased to very low rate. This may cause serious health problems since red blood vessels contain the haemoglobin that carries oxygen to body organs. Anaemia may cause so many complications like stress and fatigue.
Thalassemia affects people of African, South Asian, and Mediterranean, who are marked by the short lived red blood cells. Thalassemia is two types one is major and other is minor. Major is also known as Cooley’s anaemia, which is a severe form of anaemia. This is one of deadly blood disorders in children.
Red blood cells can be rapidly destroyed and the iron will be deposited in vital organs and skin. Kids who have thalassemia are unable to make one of two main protein chains, which form oxygen-haemoglobin carrying substance in the red blood cells.
Children who are suffering with this condition are unable to produce factors or proteins that are needed for the blood clotting. Due to this, exceed bleeding can be possible even for minor injuries. Due to the defective genes located on X chromosome, many sufferers are male only.
4. Sickle Cell Disease:
This is an inherited disease which is caused due to an abnormal form of the oxygen-haemoglobin carrying substance in the red blood cells. If the red blood cells contain abnormal haemoglobin, then it releases oxygen, and the haemoglobin becomes distorted and causes normally round blood cell in order to assume the sickle shape.
These types of sickle shaped blood cells will obstruct the blood flow in the small capillaries and the defective cells destruction can lead to anaemia in kids. Kids who are born with this blood disorder suffer from so many symptoms like stroke, pain, and increased infections.
5. Iron Deficiency:
Iron is the important mineral that is needed for the good health and proper functionality of the body. Each and every red blood cell of body contain iron its haemoglobin. But a lack of this mineral in blood cells can cause iron deficiency in children. This is very common form of blood disorders in children who are with nutritional deficiency.
– Victoria Armstrong, Author of this article writes for www.ehealthyblog.com. E Healthy Blog provides you the complete information, latest news, and tips on Health. Also provides information on various diseases like Blood Disorders, Cancers, Diabetes, Heart Diseases, Allergies, Skin Diseases, Men’s Health, Women’s Health, Child Health, and many more.