Most Americans’ Hearts Are Older Than Their Age

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A great article from PRWeb and the CDC, please share your comments below…..

healthyheartHigher heart age means higher risk of heart attacks and stroke.

Your heart may be older than you are – and that’s not good. According to a new CDC Vital Signs report, 3 out of 4 U.S. adults have a predicted heart age that is older than their actual age. This means they are at higher risk for heart attacks and stroke.

“Heart age” is the calculated age of a person’s cardiovascular system based on his or her risk factor profile. The risks include high blood pressure, cigarette smoking, diabetes status, and body mass index as an indicator for obesity.

This is the first study to provide population-level estimates of heart age and to highlight disparities in heart age nationwide. The report shows that heart age varies by race/ethnicity, gender, region, and other sociodemographic characteristics

CDC researchers used risk factor data collected from every U.S. state and information from the Framingham Heart Study to determine that nearly 69 million adults between the ages of 30 and 74 have a heart age older than their actual age. That’s about the number of people living in the 130 largest U.S. cities combined.

“Too many U.S. adults have a heart age years older than their real age, increasing their risk of heart disease and stroke,” said CDC Director Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H. “Everybody deserves to be young – or at least not old – at heart.”

Key findings in the report include:

* Overall, the average heart age for adult men is 8 years older than their chronological age, compared to 5 years older for women.

* Although heart age exceeds chronological age for all race/ethnic groups, it is highest among African-American men and women (average of 11 years older for both).

* Among both U.S. men and women, excess heart age increases with age and decreases with greater education and household income.

* There are geographic differences in average heart age across states. Adults in the Southern U.S. typically have higher heart ages. For example, Mississippi, West Virginia, Kentucky, Louisiana, and Alabama have the highest percentage of adults with a heart age 5 years or more over their actual age, while Utah, Colorado, California, Hawaii, and Massachusetts have the lowest percentage.

For more information, visit http://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease and http://www.cdc.gov/stroke. Visit millionhearts.hhs.gov to learn about Million Hearts, a national initiative to prevent 1 million heart attacks and strokes by 2017.

Vital Signs is a report that appears on the first Tuesday of the month as part of the CDC journal, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. The report provides the latest data and information on key health indicators. These are cancer prevention, obesity, tobacco use, motor vehicle passenger safety, prescription drug overdose, HIV/AIDS, alcohol use, health care-associated infections, cardiovascular health, teen pregnancy, food safety, and viral hepatitis.

Get The Most Out Of A Visit To The Doctor

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Thank you to PRWeb for supplying this article….please share your thoughts in the comments section below…..

doctorTo get the most out of a doctor’s visit, it’s best to write down questions in advance, speak up about concerns during an appointment, and get a recap of information before leaving the doctor’s office.

It’s easy to miss important information or forget to ask key questions during a visit to the doctor. Some people feel rushed; others feel a bit intimidated. Take control of the situation with a little preparation, recommends the February 2015 Harvard Health Letter. “In order to get the best possible outcomes, it really helps to be an active consumer,” says Dr. Karen Joynt, a health policy researcher and a cardiologist at Harvard-affiliated Brigham and Women’s Hospital.

To prepare for a visit to the doctor, make a list of questions to ask him or her. The questions can be about something complicated, such as treatment options, or simple, such as whether to get a flu shot. Bring paper and something to write with while at the appointment.

Once the doctor is in the exam room, it’s important to share symptoms and other health concerns, even if the doctor doesn’t ask. Don’t forget to ask the questions that have been prepared. Dr. Joynt says people often want to seem cooperative and not appear pushy or ask what seem like “dumb” questions. But it’s better to be a little pushy than to not understand a treatment plan.

Dr. Joynt also recommends bringing a buddy to the appointment to pick up on instructions and other information. “It’s just so hard to keep track of all the information. Having someone who can take notes and be a scribe can be helpful, because it can be overwhelming to hear news about new diagnoses or complicated changes in medications,” says Dr. Joynt.

Read the full-length article: “Top 6 ways to get the most out of your doctor visit”

Also in the February 2015 Harvard Health Letter:

Best ways to manage stress

Foods to ward off diabetes, heart disease, and cancer

Four important hazards of heartburn medications

The Harvard Health Letter is available from Harvard Health Publications, the publishing division of Harvard Medical School, for $16 per year. Subscribe at http://www.health.harvard.edu/health or by calling 877-649-9457 (toll-free).

Get The Most Out Of Your Summer Workout

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By Annie Driscoll

joggersIn 2014, Americans visited the gym more than 5 billion times. Our appetite for fitness, and new ways to stay fit, just continues to grow more and more each year. The athletic apparel industry is booming. We’re living in a time where there are more workout options than ever before. But, in this sea of options, it can be difficult to figure out which one works best for you on an individual level. Long story short, your workout is about YOU. It’s all about what works best for your body, your mind, and even your wallet. Here are some ideas for how to make your workout work for you.

1. Figure out what you like to do.

Whether it’s running, hiking, swimming, paddling, or weightlifting—find a workout that doesn’t feel like a chore. This could easily involve getting outside. Lots of people hate the feeling of being holed up in a gym. Being outside makes all the difference in your attitude towards getting fit. If you live near a body of water, go for a rough-water swim. If not, try a trail run or a good hike. Whatever you choose, try to make it something you genuinely enjoy doing.

2. Stay safe, and keep your peace of mind intact.

Ladies especially, bring along a whistle or some pepper spray. There’s this cool company called Booby Trap Bras that makes sports bras and sleeves that hold a blade for self defense, equipped with a slash-proof pocket for safekeeping. Invest some time in learning self defense. If you’re working out outside, knowing how to properly defend yourself in the event of an incident will give you some much needed peace of mind. Also, you’ll have one less thing to try to focus on if you don’t have to be as worried about your personal safety. Guys, feeling safe is important for you too. Know how to protect yourself!

3. Bring a friend along.

This ties into the safety thing as well. Working out is way more fun (and safe) with a buddy. Hit the gym with a partner (you’ll have someone to chat with and to spot you while you’re lifting) or catch up outside on the trails. Dogs also make fantastic training partners—the adventure will be great for you.

4. Wear clothes that make you feel good.

Whether it’s bright colors, bold patterns, or new technology, clothes can be a great motivator. You’re more likely to feel your best if you look your best, and wanting to show off your new gear can be a great way to get yourself to the gym. Look for clothes that are long-lasting, sun protective (usually labelled with a UPF rating), and functional both on land and in water. Invest in yourself!

5. Be happy.

Be happy with what you’ve accomplished, but never content. In other words, know that you’ve given it all you’ve got, but strive to always better yourself. No matter where you start, all that matters is that you’re willing to go the distance to get a little better. Happy working out!

– Annie Driscoll grew up in San Diego as a competitive swimmer and I am now a collegiate athlete living in New York City. In my free time I like to hike, go to the beach, and watch The Bachelorette with my mom. She currently writes and helps the team out at Graced By Grit.

3D Mammography Most Effective Technology Available For Breast Cancer Screening

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Thank you to the Baylor College of Medicine for supplying this article, please share your thoughts and comments below…..

womanarmupThree-dimensional digital breast tomography, or 3D mammography, is the most effective technology available for early detection of breast cancer, said experts in the Lester and Sue Smith Breast Center at Baylor College of Medicine.

“Mammography technology has been rapidly advancing since the 1990s. We have cut breast cancer deaths 30 percent as a result of early detection,” said Dr. Emily Sedgwick, director of breast imaging in the Smith Breast Center at Baylor, which is equipped with 3D mammography equipment. “3D mammography is the latest advance in the field and an option all women should be aware of.”

3D mammography has several advantages over two-dimensional mammography, Sedgwick said.

More accurate cancer detection

While 2D mammography would catch approximately four cancers in 1,000 women, 3D technology catches almost double that, Sedgwick said. “There are fewer false positives and an improved cancer detection rate,” she said.

“One of the biggest issues with 2D mammography is the ‘structure noise’ created by overlapping tissue in the breast,” said Sedgwick. “3D mammography reduces that noise to eliminate overlapping structures.”

She used the example of a view of a loaf of raisin bread. “2D is like looking at the outside of the loaf, it looks like raisin bread but you cannot be exactly sure,” said Sedgwick. “There might actually be walnuts in there, or both. 3D gives you an inside view of the bread so you can tell the difference between what might be a walnut or raisin or in the case of breast cancer, benign or malignant growths.

The result has been a significant improvement in detection of invasive cancers –approximately 40 to 53 percent, Sedgwick said. “For these types of faster growing breast cancers, early detection in critical.”

Additionally, the technology is better at detecting cancer in dense breast tissue.

More images in short period of time

Like 2D mammography, 3D takes images in an arc over the breast in a short duration of time (4 seconds), Sedgwick said. “Fifteen images are taken with 3D versus four in 2D.”

Reduced radiation dose

seniorwoman2While radiation exposure in mammography is not a significant risk, 3D mammography has reduced the radiation exposure rate by approximately 45 percent.

“The amount of radiation exposure endured during a 2D mammogram is equivalent to the amount in an airplane on a cross country flight, so this is not a major concern but we’re able to use less exposure with 3D technology.”

Reduction in the recall rate, or need for additional pictures, is also a factor, Sedgwick said.

“The use of 3D mammography is a win-win-win situation for women,” said Sedgwick.

The technology, approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2014, is still new and therefore not all insurance companies are paying for it, Sedgwick said. “Hopefully in the next year more payers will come on board.”

Medicare and Blue Cross Blue Shield are among the groups currently paying for it.

All women should receive a screening mammogram annually beginning at age 40, Sedgwick said.

Three Types Of Fungi Responsible For Most Fungal Skin Infections

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Thank you to PRWeb for supplying this article…..please share your thoughts in the comments section below…..

footodorThree types of fungi are primarily responsible for the majority of fungal skin infections that afflict millions of Americans each year, says Joshua Fox, MD, medical director and founder of Advanced Dermatology P.C. Trichophyton, microsporum and epidermophyton, all part of the fungal genera category, are the three main culprits. Fungal infections of the skin account for about four million visits a year to outpatient medical facilities in the U.S. alone.

To understand how pervasive and hard-to-treat fungal skin infections can be, it is good to know how they emerge, explains Dr. Fox. Often described as superficial fungus infections, the microscopic organisms that cause them feed on warm, moist, dark environments, like the feet and the jock area. The four main microorganisms that cause fungal skin infections include bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi.

Athlete’s foot, jock itch, ringworm

Athlete’s foot is perhaps the most common of the fungal skin infections and very often one of the most stubborn, says Dr. Fox. There are three different types, including interdigital athlete’s foot, the most common form; moccasin athlete’s foot, which begins on the sole and spreads to the side of the foot; and vesicular athlete’s foot, which is the least common and shows up as blisters on the bottom of the foot. In fact, athlete’s foot (“jungle rot” as it was called) was one of the most the most common foot problems Vietnam veterans have suffered, and they still plague many veterans today.

The clinical reason for such outbreaks is due to an imbalance of microorganisms in the body, Dr. Fox explains. “A decrease in bacteria and an increase in the growth of fungi, sometimes caused by the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, is a common culprit,” he adds.

Jock itch is also a common complaint, especially among men. Jock itch, a form of ringworm, usually occurs in the groin area and on the upper, inner thighs and buttocks.

Ringworm, which can occur on the hands, nails, feet or scalp, typically appears as a circular rash with patches that may be red or peeling or have bumps that resemble blisters. Like the symptoms of athlete’s foot, the infected areas are often itchy and can spread easily. Blistering and cracking of the skin is particularly common on the feet.

A yeast-like fungus, known as Candida, is the culprit behind the common vaginal yeast infection, says Dr. Hu. Such yeasts normally live on the skin and mucous membranes without ever causing infection, she explains. But overgrowth of such organisms can produce an infection in certain areas of the body, adds Dr. Hu.

Tips for treating fungal skin infections

If over-the-counter medications don’t eliminate irritating fungal skin infections, Dr. Fox suggests medical intervention. The kind of treatment that’s given for most fungal skin infections depends on the severity of one’s condition, he notes. For some, oral treatment is the only solution.

“Many people have suffered with fungal skin infections for years,” Dr. Fox says. The choice of oral anti-fungal medications depends on the type of fungus that needs to be treated, the affected area, other co-existing diseases that a person might have and interactions with other medications currently being taken. The most common oral medications are Lamisil, Sporanox and Griseofulvin.

Maintaining best hygiene practices is perhaps the best way to prevent fungal skin infections from recurring or even happening at all. To prevent athlete’s foot, for example, Dr. Fox suggests wearing footwear in public locker rooms and shower areas. One should wash the feet daily and most importantly, dry them thoroughly. Wearing shoes that give feet room to breathe and wear cotton socks and underwear. If necessary use a powder to keep them dry.

Dr. Fox says that while fungal skin infections can be annoying to deal with, proper treatment and attention to hygiene practices can keep such conditions from recurring.

“Unfortunately there is evidence that fungal infections of the skin can recur, even after treatment,” says Dr. Fox. “However, with careful adherence to good hygiene and close monitoring we find that most patients can overcome fungal skin infections.”

Advanced Dermatology P.C., the Center for Laser and Cosmetic Surgery (New York & New Jersey) provides cutting edge medical, laser & cosmetic dermatology and plastic surgery services. http://www.advanceddermatologypc.com

Joshua L. Fox, M.D., F.A.A.D., is the founder and medical director at Advanced Dermatology P.C. He is a leading authority in the field of dermatology with expertise in skin cancer, cosmetic surgery and laser procedures and is program director of a fellowship in laser and cosmetic surgery

Judy Hu, M.D., F.A.A.D. is a board certified dermatologist with Advanced Dermatology P.C. Dr. Hu specializes in medical, surgical, and cosmetic dermatology with extensive experience in skin rejuvenation utilizing injections and laser therapy.

The Most Important Bone In The Body – Part 2

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By Dr. Kevin Kita

Continued from part 1 of this article…..

humanbodyThe sphenoid makes up part of the bottom of your skull. The pituitary gland sits on top of the sphenoid bone inside the skull. The pituitary gland is an endocrine gland that secretes important hormones vital to the body’s proper functioning. Hormones secreted from the pituitary gland help control the following body processes: growth, blood pressure, breast milk production, sex organ functions in both male and female, thyroid gland function, conversion of food into energy (metabolism), water regulation and balance with the kidneys, temperature regulation, and pain relief. Some aspects of pregnancy and childbirth including stimulation of uterine contractions during childbirth can also be affected. If the sphenoid bone is not in its proper position many of these hormones won’t be secreted in the proper amount from the pituitary gland.

Sphenoid subluxation or misalignment can cause migraines, headaches, depression, memory problems, brain dysfunction, dyslexia, learning disabilities, bed wetting, nightmares, Down’s syndrome, cerebral palsy, color blindness, psychological disturbances, and moodiness. There can also be problems associated with taste, smell, hearing, vision, speech problems, dry mouth, teeth grinding, dental malocclusion, eye pain, deviation of the eyeball, eyelid weakness, balance issues, problems with tongue and or sucking, asthma, sinusitis, neck and lower back problems and scoliosis.

Some of the most likely causes of a sphenoid subluxation or misalignment are from falls, accidents, sports, minor falls, and childhood traumas, the birthing process and many more. Severe emotional stress or toxins can also affect the proper placement of the sphenoid bone.

doctorCorrecting cranial subluxations can be done with a light force adjusting instrument called the arthrostim that corrects cranial subluxations, removing pressure on the brain and spinal cord and the nervous system in general. This is a gentle procedure that patients (from infants to the elderly) usually find comfortable. Cranial adjustments usually stay in place for long periods of time, except if someone is dehydrated or another trauma occurs. Sometimes a cranial bone may need more than one correction if there was a severe head injury, severe trauma, dehydration, or nutritional deficiency. The results can be dramatic and leave the person healthier, both physically and emotionally like never before. After reading this you now know how important the sphenoid bone is to the overall proper functioning of your body.

– Dr. Kevin Kita, Chiropractor, Author, International Speaker, and Radio Host. Dr. Kita is well known among his patients for his compassion, wisdom, astonishing intuition, gentle and caring demeanor, and non-invasive chiropractic technique. He is a 1997 graduate of the Sherman Chiropractic College and has been practicing Chiropractic in the Yardley/Morrisville area for the past 15 years.

The Most Important Bone In The Body – Part 1

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By Dr. Kevin Kita

brainYou are born with 306 bones in your body give or take a few because of anomalies. There are so many bones to choose from that are important to the human body functioning properly, but this bone when misaligned or out of place can affect almost every bone in the body. Unless you are a healthcare practitioner you probably haven’t even heard of it before.

The bone that I am referring to is the Sphenoid bone. The sphenoid bone is one of the cranial bones that make up the skull. It is an unpaired cranial bone located right behind the side of both eyes. Why the sphenoid bone? The sphenoid bone has also been called the keystone bone, because it touches or articulates with every cranial bone in the skull. If the sphenoid bone is misaligned then quite possibly every bone in the skull could be misaligned too. The sphenoid bone comes from the Greek word sphenoeides or wedge-like. The sphenoid bone is one of the seven bones that articulate to form the orbit of the eye. Its shape somewhat resembles that of a butterfly or bat with its wings extended.

Your skull is not a single bone but it is made up of many cranial bones. You have eight larger bones that protect your brain and 14 smaller bones that make up the lower front of your skull.

Your skull is not a single bone but it is made up of many cranial bones. You have eight larger bones that protect your brain and 14 smaller bones that make up the lower front of your skull. Most everybody thinks that the cranial bones do not move. The Cranial Academy and Sutherland Cranial Teaching Foundation found that there is life-long mobility of the cranial bones and sutures in healthy human beings. Sutures are the spaces between the cranial bones. Cranial bones can move in small amounts and do possess an inherent rhythmic motion. According to a study by Nelson, Sergueef and Glonek this rhythmic motion or oscillations occur 4 to 6 cycles per minute. Osteopathic physicians report the same oscillation rhythm in cranial bone motion in their studies too. Even NASA research has stated, “Although the skull is often assumed to be a rigid container with a constant volume, many researchers have demonstrated that the skull moves on the order of a few micro millimeters with changes in intracranial pressure.” This movement of your cranial bones and sutures is essential for health.

Stay tuned for part 2 of this article shortly…..

– Dr. Kevin Kita, Chiropractor, Author, International Speaker, and Radio Host. Dr. Kita is well known among his patients for his compassion, wisdom, astonishing intuition, gentle and caring demeanor, and non-invasive chiropractic technique. He is a 1997 graduate of the Sherman Chiropractic College and has been practicing Chiropractic in the Yardley/Morrisville area for the past 15 years.

What Health Problems Heavy Kids Face Most

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By Diana Maria

overweightchildAs per reports more 6 percent of kids and teens in the United States are extremely obese. According to the health experts, the obese kids are those children who are seen falling at the top of the weight charts. This is also known as morbid or extreme obesity. Unfortunately, the percentage of such children seems to be increasing with every passing day in the US and around the world, which is bringing in several health issues for these heavy kids. If you dig deep, these kids are reported with higher rates of Type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressures, sleep apnea, liver disease, musculoskeletal problems and even the earlier symptoms of clogged arteries. All these are considered as the immediate repercussions of obesity for kids and teens. Apart from the number of health problems, these kids also face social and emotional distress, which include social discrimination, the social stigmatization due to psychological stress that causes low self extreme and confidence. This therefore makes a child lag behind in academics and other social activities. Let’s check the number of health problems, which obese or extra heavy kids and teens can face as under:

Asthma

The higher rate of obesity among children can lead to a number of obesity related chronic ailments. Among these the most common diseases and conditions found among the kids and teenagers is asthma. A majority of obese kids who are heavy weight encounter the problem of asthma, which brings in certain breathing problems and other ailments.

Diabetes

Another deadly condition, which attack kids with overweight, is Diabetes and that too the Type 2 Diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is often found among the adults is now seen becoming very much prevalent among kids and teens with morbid obesity. As per reports of CDC (the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), one of every three obese kids are found out with Type 2 diabetes, which is really not a good news for parents.

Heart diseases and disorders

girlAs per a number of health studies and reports another common problems or diseases that are popular among the obese kids and teens are related to heart. The kids with obesity are diagnosed with symptoms pertaining to conditions like atherosclerosis, which is basically hardening of several arteries. This starts with kids and adults having obese bodies, unfortunately, this condition is among the major cause behind severe heart diseases. It also bring in high blood cholesterol and boost up the triglyceride levels, which often comes out obesity that is formed due to bad eating habits.

Gallstone and Liver problems

The other issues, which seem to bug the obese kids, include gallstone and liver problems. As per reports the incidence of gallstone is found out significantly much higher among the kids who are overweight and obese. Also, there are studies and reports, which vouch for the problems pertaining to liver as well. Kids who fall under the category of morbid obesity are diagnosed with liver issues and the most common one include the Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis or the NASH and this is the very condition, which bring in severe problems like cirrhosis.

Sleeping problems and menstrual issues

As per reports, the kids who are obese are found with the risk of sleeping issues leading to problems like obstructive sleep apnea. This ailment is among the life threatening breathing disorder attributed by small interruptions of breathing while they are sleeping. If this continues for a longer duration, this can even lead to issues like heart failure. If young girls and female kids are seen obese then they are seen facing a couple of menstrual problems. As per reports, the obese girls are seen reaching o their puberty at the very early age. Furthermore, due to morbid obesity in young girls can also bring in issues of menstrual irregularities owing to uterine fibroids at the later stage.

Metabolic syndrome

As per reports around 40 % of kids with obesity are seen with metabolic syndrome, which bring in issues like health problems and diabetes. The number of metabolic syndrome found among the kids with obesity include, high blood pressure, abnormal lipids, insulin resistance, etc. All these syndromes are more than enough to affect the heart and other body organs of the obese kids. Although you may find a couple of treatment options for the obese kids, yet prevention is among the best tool to counter this problem.

Final word

Obesity among the kids can lead a number of problems in their bodies. Though you may find a number of solutions in the form of surgeries and medications, yet the best bet is prevention. Bad eating habits and improper lifestyle lead to this problem, which can be avoided by leading a disciplined life.

– Diana Maria is a freelance journalist who has been writing about mobile technology, customer relationship management and women’s health for more than a decade. These days she is busy to contributes on punchh.

4 Most Common Child Sleep Problems

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By Rania Paula

stresssleepingPsychologists and physicians estimated that almost 30% of children are suffering with sleep problems at some point during their childhood.

Child sleep problems may affect both emotional and social behavior, which shows an effect on their school performance. Due to this it is very important for the parents and teachers to understand how important sleep is and how sleep disorders can affect teenagers and children.

Here are the common types of child sleep problems:

• Chronic Lung Disease
• Obstructive Sleep Apnea
• Central Apnea of Prematurity
• Central Hypoventilation Syndrome

Chronic Lung Disease:

Usually this is a result of the premature birth, however this may be secondary to lung injury following neonatal period like in sickle cell disease, aspiration syndrome, and neuromuscular disease like muscular dystrophy.

This disease can lead to low levels of oxygen and high carbon dioxide levels in the blood. Sleep study can determine the lung disease. This can be treated with non-invasive ventilator support, oxygen supply, or during severe conditions tracheostomy may be required.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA):

This is one of the most common child sleep problems, which is due to abnormalities in breathing when they are asleep. This condition occurs approximately in 2% of kids, and it is most common problem in preschool aged kids.

OSA diagnosis can be done by evaluating your child during his sleep in the sleep laboratory.

OSA diagnosis can be done by evaluating your child during his sleep in the sleep laboratory. Sleep study is also needed to identify the children of high risk of difficulties from surgery and anesthesia. If this is left untreated this may lead to poor academic performance, high blood count, and heart failure.

Central Apnea of Prematurity:

This is very common in newborn babies. This can be associated with the low heart rate and color changes and it is because of an immaturity of central respiratory drive.

Premature apnea can be evaluated by daytime sleep study or even by cardio-respiratory monitoring. Making your baby to sleep in head elevated tilt position and three-stair-position can help to reduce the problem during the initial stages only.

Central Hypoventilation Syndrome:

This is a problem to the central nervous system that induces signals to breathe. Frequently this can be worsened in the sleep and it is characterized by shallow or even slow breathing, which is inadequate to remove carbon dioxide from lungs.

This may occur while in birth or due to pressure on brainstem. Overnight sleep can be helped to diagnose this. Treatment will be required to relieve brainstem pressure based on the cause.

The support and advice of the health professional or in complex or severe situation a psychologist is necessary for a plan to be successful in dealing with child sleep problems. Sleep programs and educational materials can also be helpful.

– Guest Author, Rania Paula writes for www.sleepwellblog.com. A weblog providing information about various sleep disorders such as insomnia, sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, sleep deprivation, etc. and there by helping you to have good night sleep.

5 Most Common Types of Blood Disorders in Children To Look For

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humanbodyBlood is the life maintaining thing of body, which circulates through our heart, veins, capillaries, and arteries. Blood caries away the carbon dioxide and waste matter, and brings electrolytes, nourishment, vitamins, antibodies, oxygen, heat, and hormones to the body tissues.

As the functions of blood are complex and many, they are so many diseases that need proper care by physicians. So many blood disorders are taking place in children. The most common blood disorders in children include bleeding disorders, anaemia, blood cancer, Sickle Cell Disease, Thalassemia, Haemophilia, leukaemia, and Thrombocytopenia.

1. Anaemia:

This is one of the most common blood disorders in children, which occurs if healthy red blood cells level in the body decreased to very low rate. This may cause serious health problems since red blood vessels contain the haemoglobin that carries oxygen to body organs. Anaemia may cause so many complications like stress and fatigue.

2. Thalassemia:

Thalassemia affects people of African, South Asian, and Mediterranean, who are marked by the short lived red blood cells. Thalassemia is two types one is major and other is minor. Major is also known as Cooley’s anaemia, which is a severe form of anaemia. This is one of deadly blood disorders in children.

Red blood cells can be rapidly destroyed and the iron will be deposited in vital organs and skin. Kids who have thalassemia are unable to make one of two main protein chains, which form oxygen-haemoglobin carrying substance in the red blood cells.

3. Hemophilia:

Children who are suffering with this condition are unable to produce factors or proteins that are needed for the blood clotting. Due to this, exceed bleeding can be possible even for minor injuries. Due to the defective genes located on X chromosome, many sufferers are male only.

4. Sickle Cell Disease:

This is an inherited disease which is caused due to an abnormal form of the oxygen-haemoglobin carrying substance in the red blood cells. If the red blood cells contain abnormal haemoglobin, then it releases oxygen, and the haemoglobin becomes distorted and causes normally round blood cell in order to assume the sickle shape.

These types of sickle shaped blood cells will obstruct the blood flow in the small capillaries and the defective cells destruction can lead to anaemia in kids. Kids who are born with this blood disorder suffer from so many symptoms like stroke, pain, and increased infections.

5. Iron Deficiency:

Iron is the important mineral that is needed for the good health and proper functionality of the body. Each and every red blood cell of body contain iron its haemoglobin. But a lack of this mineral in blood cells can cause iron deficiency in children. This is very common form of blood disorders in children who are with nutritional deficiency.

Victoria Armstrong, Author of this article writes for www.ehealthyblog.com. E Healthy Blog provides you the complete information, latest news, and tips on Health. Also provides information on various diseases like Blood Disorders, Cancers, Diabetes, Heart Diseases, Allergies, Skin Diseases, Men’s Health, Women’s Health, Child Health, and many more.