Eye Injuries Due To Basketball

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This article is courtesy of PRWeb, please share your comments below…..an older article from September, but some interesting tips…..

basketballcartoonPrevent Blindness Provides Tips on How to Help Prevent Serious Eye Injuries from Sports,

More than 6,000 Americans suffered an eye injury related to playing basketball in one year, according to estimates by Prevent Blindness. In fact, the top five sports with the most eye injuries were basketball, water and pool activities, use of guns (air, gas, spring, and BB), baseball/softball and football.

According to the National Eye Institute, every 13 minutes, an emergency room in the United States treats a sports-related eye injury. Eye injuries from sports may include infection, corneal abrasions, blunt trauma, inflamed iris, fracture of the eye socket, swollen or detached retinas or a traumatic cataract. In the worst cases, some injuries may result in permanent vision loss.

Prevent Blindness has declared September as Sports Eye Safety Awareness Month to encourage wearing proper eye protection while playing sports. Parents, coaches, school staff and others can support children’s sports eye safety by:

1) Knowing that almost all sports-related eye injuries are preventable. Whatever the sport or the athlete’s age, appropriate protective eyewear is the best defense against eye injury.

2) Parents, teachers, school nurses and coaches should learn about the eye injury risks associated with sports before allowing children to participate.

3) Parents should consult an eye doctor for protective eyewear recommendations before enrolling a child in any sports program. And, make sure the child is seeing clearly by getting him or her an eye exam.

4) Parents, teachers and coaches should discourage participation in high risk contact sports such as boxing, since adequate eye protection does not yet exist for these types of sport.

5) Parents should only enroll children in afterschool organized sports through school districts, community centers, park districts and recreation centers where adults supervise all sports activity. Ideally, an adult trained in the prevention, recognition and immediate care of an eye injury should be present at all times.

6) Parents should meet with a child’s coach or athletic trainer to make sure that proper procedures are in place to deal with a child’s eye injury should one occur.

7) Parents, teachers, school nurses and coaches should familiarize themselves with the warning signs of a serious eye injury and know when to seek treatment.

“Any injury can happen in a split second, but the effects of a serious eye injury can have lasting negative effects for a lifetime,” said Hugh R. Parry, president and CEO of Prevent Blindness. “We encourage anyone, adult or child, to always make sure that eye protection is consistently part of their uniform, and to consult an eye care professional before starting any sport to make sure their vision is healthy and protected.”

Prevent Blindness is teaming up with Liberty Sport to provide eye care professionals with free information and materials through the “September is Sports Eye Injury Prevention Awareness Month” campaign. For more information about Sports Eye Injury Prevention Awareness Month or to request a kit, please contact Angela Gerber, Liberty Sport, at (973) 882-0986 x972 or agerber(at)libertysport(dot)com.

For more information on sports eye injury prevention and information on sport-specific eye protection recommendations, please call Prevent Blindness at (800) 331-2020, or visit preventblindness.org/sports-eye-safety.

About Prevent Blindness

Founded in 1908, Prevent Blindness is the nation’s leading volunteer eye health and safety organization dedicated to fighting blindness and saving sight. Focused on promoting a continuum of vision care, Prevent Blindness touches the lives of millions of people each year through public and professional education, advocacy, certified vision screening and training, community and patient service programs and research. These services are made possible through the generous support of the American public. Together with a network of affiliates, Prevent Blindness is committed to eliminating preventable blindness in America. For more information, or to make a contribution to the sight-saving fund, call 1-800-331-2020. Or, visit us on the Web at preventblindness.org or facebook.com/preventblindness.

Common Sports Surgeries: How Orthopedics Help Sports And Fitness Related Injuries

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By Steve Barker

doctorSports stars commonly have orthopedic surgeries to fix injuries they receive during practice & games, like Oakland A’s catcher, Josh Phegley’s recent knee surgery. While most of us are aware of the importance of taking steps to avoid injury during physical activity, reading about these celebrity surgeries makes you wonder what sort of injuries sports stars (and us regular folk that just like to stay active) rely on surgeons at Orthopedic Associates to treat. There are a good number of injuries, but we’ve picked out a few of the most common to discuss the importance of orthopedics in helping with sports/fitness related injuries.

Common Injuries Sustained from Sports

Most injuries related to sports have something to do with joints, sprains, tears, and breaks, but do you know where? And what methods are commonly used to treat them?

Shoulder joint tear – About 20% of all sports injuries involve the shoulder, and that includes things like shoulder joint tears. Any of the three bones involved with the shoulder joint (scapula, clavicle, humerus) can become disturbed in such a way that injures the joint. One could sustain a severe fall which pulls the shoulder suddenly, or tear the joint while attempting a throwing motion incorrectly. The result is a typical one for joint problems: pain, reduced movement, and an overwhelming loss of strength in the joint. The treatment? Commonly, anti-inflammatory medicines, rest, and rehabilitative exercises can relieve symptoms. In other cases, though, a surgeon may have to perform an arthroscopic surgery to correct the issues within the shoulder, after which a period of rest and rehab will be necessary to regain full use of the joint.

Achilles tendon rupture – It’s the largest tendon in the body, so injury can occur in a number of ways. The actual structure of the tendon may become separated above the heel, but the tendon can also break away from the spot where it is connected to the heel bone. Ouch. It can be brought about in just about any sort of sport since a rupture of this nature can be induced from even simple actions like running. An achilles rupture can be treated by immobilizing the area with a cast (or something similar) and allowing the tendon to repair itself. Surgery can also suture the tendon back together, followed by a period of immobilization and then physical therapy.

joggerAnkle sprain – Almost everyone has seen one of these. The ligaments in the ankle are pushed too far and then tear apart. Perhaps you were walking on an uneven surface and fell? Or you were attempting a sports technique and twisted your foot? Sprains may even result from a blow to the foot. If the injury is minor enough, it can be treated at home with basic rest and application of ice. If it is a more severe injury, however, the type that causes intense pain and swelling, the doctor might need to intervene. They might have to do some X-Rays, and examine your ankle to assess the level of pain and range of motion. After this, the severity of the sprain will be graded. It could be a mild, grade 1 sprain, or it could be a very severe grade 3 sprain. The remedy? Most involve a combination of rest, compression, elevation of the ankle, and icing it down. If the injury is severe enough, you may also need to use crutches or an ankle brace for a period, and perhaps even undergo physical therapy.

Meniscus tear – One of the most common of all injuries to the knee. The cartilage in the knee, which serves to cushion it and keep it stable, can become torn through athletic activity. A bad squat, direct contact, and many other regular sports occurrences can bring about meniscus tears. Tears can limit mobility and should be treated correctly, depending on their size and location. Some meniscus tears can heal on their own. Others will need to be dealt with surgically. Knee arthroscopy is one of the most widely used procedures and involves trimming away damaged parts of the meniscus or suturing torn pieces back together. As with many procedures, therapy is often recommended afterwards to complete the healing process.

In Summary

Injuries happen, especially when engaging in strenuous physical activity! Thankfully, orthopedic procedures are an excellent way to correct many of the most common sports-related injuries. Orthopedics procedures are also a good option for treating joint injuries sustained through day-to-day activity. If you’ve experienced an injury, orthopedic consultation might be the way to begin your road to recovery.

Children’s Health – Claiming For Personal Injuries

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By James Helliwell

twokidsunHealthy children running around is what we all strive for as parents and the occasional fall with the odd bump and bruises is part and parcel of growing up. You might think you permanently have that bottle of antiseptic in your hand! But what do you do when the injury is serious? As we often have to leave our children in the care of others for long periods of time, what do you do if your child is hurt or injured due to someone else’s negligence? If this is the case then you may well be entitled to make a strong claim for compensation. I spoke with Claim Today who deal with personal injury in Birmingham for some advice to help you understand what you can do in these circumstances, and what you may be entitled to.

Typical Personal Injuries for Children

Let’s first look at the types of personal injury that children can be subject to. It’s true that children can become victim of personal injury in various ways, and often in much the same way as an adult. If your child has been injured in any of the following ways due to negligence then you should certainly investigate a claim:

Falls and Slips
Road Accident as a Pedestrian
Road Accident as a Cyclist
Road Accident as a Passenger
Amusement Park or Funfair Accident
Accident caused by a Dangerous Product
Accident at School, Nursery or College
Lift or Escalator Accidents
Accident on Holiday

Regardless of how a personal injury has occurred, you will need to file a claim in order to receive fair compensation, seeking legal counsel in order to take action.

Who can claim?

When a personal injury strikes, it can have a major impact on a child’s life. It may have independence and educational impacts, and not to mention impact on your own stress and anxiety levels as a parent. If their injury is long term, then you will need financial compensation to help with the coming months and continuing care. As the child’s parents you can claim on their behalf up until they are 18 years old and classed as an adult.

Let the Solicitor Go to Battle

Solicitors who specialize in personal injury claims know the law. They will be able to determine what an injured person is entitled to in a claim. Lawyers act as the ‘middle man’, taking on negotiations with insurance companies and anyone who is involved in a personal injury claim. The goal is to win compensation for a child who has been injured, providing them with the financial relief that can ease the burden of their injury.

Have Peace of Mind with a Qualified Lawyer on the Case

With legal assistance, parents can breathe a sigh of relief about the child’s personal injury claim. The trained solicitor will take care of all of the details, allowing you to look after your injured child and giving them the opportunity to recuperate. After a personal injury, a child needs to concentrate on getting well or coping with any changes that have resulted from the injury, and you will be able to focus on this aim whilst your solicitor deals with the legalities of the claim.

The owners of Your Health Journal and anybody associated with the site welcome guest posts. Accepting a guest post does not mean this web site endorses what was written by a guest author or a product, nor responsible for any guest authors actions or opinions. Questions about a guest post should be directed to the author.

New CDC Vital Signs Report Shows Motor Vehicle Crash Injuries Are Frequent And Costly

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newsAmericans spend more than 1 million days in the hospital each year from crash injuries.

More than 2.5 million people went to the emergency department (ED) – and nearly 200,000 of them were hospitalized – because of motor vehicle crash injuries in 2012, according to the latest Vital Signs report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Lifetime medical costs for these crash injuries totaled $18 billion. This includes approximately $8 billion for those who were treated in the ED and released and $10 billion for those who were hospitalized. Lifetime work lost because of 2012 crash injuries cost an estimated $33 billion.

“In 2012, nearly 7,000 people went to the emergency department every day due to car crash injuries,” said CDC Deputy Director, Ileana Arias, PhD. “Motor vehicle crash injuries occur all too frequently and have health and economic costs for individuals, the health care system, and society. We need to do more to keep people safe and reduce crash injuries and medical costs.”

Key findings include:

* On average, each crash-related ED visit costs about $3,300 and each hospitalization costs about $57,000 over a person’s lifetime.

* More than 75 percent of costs occur during the first 18 months following the crash injury.

* Teens and young adults (15-29 years old) are at especially high risk for motor vehicle crash injuries, accounting for nearly 1 million crash injuries in 2012 (38 percent of all crash injuries that year).

* One-third of adults older than 80 years old who were injured in car crashes were hospitalized – the highest of any age group.

* There were almost 400,000 fewer ED visits and 5,700 fewer hospitalizations from motor vehicle crash injuries in 2012 compared to 2002. This equals $1.7 billion in avoided lifetime medical costs and $2.3 billion in avoided work loss costs.

For this Vital Signs report, CDC analyzed ED visits due to crash injuries in 2012 using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program and the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. The number and rate of all crash injury ED visits, treated and released visits, and hospitalized visits were estimated, as were the associated number of hospitalized days and lifetime medical costs.

Vital Signs is a monthly report that appears as part of the CDC journal, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

– This article is provided by PRWeb

It’s Time For A Change From The Black Swan Occurrence For Non-Contact Female Knee Injuries

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By Warren J. Potash, Sports Performance Coach

girljogYogi Berra said: “You can observe a lot by watching.” I have had a front row seat as a parent of a two sport athlete, and as a trainer of primarily female teen athletes. And, as an avid fan of all sports and a former basketball player, I have watched a lot in the past 30+ years and I have observed a lot.

One of my strengths is being able to form a solid foundation of safe and age-appropriate exercise guidelines for all female (and male) athletes. Sadly, I continue – in 2014 – to see too many injuries occurring to female athletes that can be minimized if youth sports organizations and their volunteer coaches would implement single leg balance exercises for all of their participants prior to, and continuing through their teenage years as an integral part of having these athletes play their sport(s).

All female athletes experience challenges at puberty that contribute to what researchers describe as an “epidemic” of ACL [knee] injuries. They need to prepare their bodies; i.e., training to play sports as I wrote in my book: They’re Not Boys – Safely Training the Adolescent Female Athlete [2012].

The word epidemic has been used by several leading orthopedic surgeons/researchers for decades to explain their frustration with the explosion of female sports injuries that can be minimized (sports injury is an inherent risk for those who play sports) with single leg balance exercises as part of a total training program that provides functional and sport-specific training.

FACT: Single leg balance exercises with strength training will go a long way to helping female athletes. I know this based on all the value added research (more than 300 evidence-based research papers) over the past decades that support this claim. Even better validation is the more than 600 teen female athletes I have trained since 1995 using this foundation of single leg balance. Remarkably, not one female (or male) athlete has ever had an ACL injury after completing my training program; i.e., every sport and cheering.

As Tim Hewett Ph D, a leading researcher for helping female athletes said: “I was only a page or two into the prologue, when I realized that a non-contact ACL injury is, by Taleb’s definition, a “Black Swan.”

A Black Swan (Nassim Nicholas Taleb) “is a metaphor that describes an event that comes as a surprise, has a major effect, and is often inappropriately rationalized after the fact with the benefit of hindsight. The “black swan theory” refers only to unexpected events of large magnitude and consequence and their dominant role in history.”

jumpingropeYes, non-contact ACL injuries are this consequential since Title IX was enacted more than 40 years ago. FACT: Female youth sport participation has exploded since Title IX. Myth: The increase in female injury rates is only due to this explosion. FALSE!! Apples to apples comparisons over the decades show the ratio of female ACL injuries is much higher by a factor of a 3-8 times higher rate than male ACL injuries. Even worse is that a vast majority of male athletes are hit while the females are non-contact; i.e., the knee just gives out.

Q angle, quadriceps dominance, and many more challenges occur at puberty and place every female athlete at risk for knee injuries. Long term consequence is OA [osteoarthritis] in the joint affected for 70%+ of all female athletes injured. Future moms should not have to deal with OA in their late twenties and beyond.

Will single leg balance exercises prevent all knee injuries? No, of course not!! But, there is no downside to safe and age-appropriate training to play sports. Training will help every female to become the best she can be and if injured, the athlete will return to play quicker than an untrained athlete.

So, all parents must understand the status quo for four plus [4+] decades now must change. You need to demand that every sports organization implement single leg balance exercise with strength training for every female athlete. Yes, it’s REALLY IMPORTANT that all female athletes train to play sports.

We need to be smarter and insist that the leaders of youth sports organizations mandate that all volunteer and paid coaches learn how to safely train all of their athletes to play their sport featuring single leg balance exercises – not several minutes before practice – and implement this training year round (everywhere there are trainers who can help implement this training). Train to play sports must become the norm for all female athletes now. IT’S TIME FOR A CHANGE NOW!!

– Mr. Potash has successfully trained more than 600 teen (and older) female athletes to play every sport since 1995 with much success. His BNP Training Program is an integrated approach that also provides quality information on eating for daily energy and sports nutrition, strategic thinking skills, how to concentrate between the lines, and more. He is also the creator and co-author of Your Lower Back (1993) and author of They’re Not Boys – Safely Training the Adolescent Female Athlete (2012). Quality information for helping all female athletes can be found online at learn2trainsafely.com.

Prevention And Treatment Of Sports Injuries In Children

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By Lynn Lee

boyssportsOne of the most enjoyable things for parents is watching their kids participate in sports. Win or lose, competition can help children learn about themselves and what they are capable of, and this can be a rewarding process for parents to watch.

While a lot of fun and excitement can come from sports, there is one thing all parents dread: injuries. Whether it’s a scraped knee, twisted ankle, bad bruise or something worse, parents always hold their breath when they see their child hit the ground.

Although parents can try to prevent injuries, many are inevitable and impossible to anticipate. The best thing to do when a child gets hurt is to make sure the injury is treated properly.

Check out this list of ways to treat common injuries seen in kids:

Sprains and Bruises

With all the running around kids do while playing sports, falling down is often unavoidable. Because of this, sprains and bruises are common injuries with kids. Luckily, most can be treated at home using the RICE approach:

• Rest – Make sure your child takes some time off to let the injury heal completely.

• Ice – Until the swelling goes down, apply ice to the injury for 10 to 20 minutes every few hours.

• Compression – Wearing an elastic compression during the first 24 to 36 hours can help reduce swelling.

• Elevation – Keep the injury above heart level for 2 to 3 hours a day. This may require sitting or lying down.

girlsoccerChildren can also wear a protective brace while the injury heals to help ensure they don’t further injure themselves. Additionally, anti-inflammatories that contain ibuprofen like Advil or Motrin or medication with acetaminophen like Tylenol can be used to reduce pain or swelling.

Cuts

Even if kids aren’t playing sports, they still always seem to find ways to end up with cuts and scrapes, so knowing how to treat these is essential.

• Clean the Cut – For small cuts or scrapes, rinsing with cold water will remove dirt and debris from the cut, and something stronger like hydrogen peroxide is unnecessary. If a cut is deep, or if a child is cut by a dirty object, using hydrogen peroxide can be beneficial.

• Stop the Bleeding – Small cuts usually stop bleeding on their own. If a cut is a little deeper, apply firm pressure to the area with a clean cloth or gauze. Don’t remove the pressure to check and see if the cut has stopped bleeding; this can cause it to start again.

• Cover the Cut – After the wound has been cleaned and the bleeding has stopped, the abrasion should be covered. Use a bandage or gauze and tape, depending on the size of the cut, to cover the area.

When to Get Help

Sprains and cuts seem to be part of life when you have kids. What most parents fear, though, is the thought of something more serious happening to their child. Sometimes, it is immediately clear whether or not a child needs medical attention. In situations where a cut is more than ¼ inch deep, is jagged or looks like it may need stiches, calling or seeing a doctor is the best thing to do. Another way to know when to seek medical attention is to gauge your child’s level of pain. If some time passes and the pain hasn’t subsided, an injury may be worse than it appears on the surface. If you aren’t sure whether or not your child needs medical attention, it’s always best to err on the side of caution and head to the doctor.

– This article was contributed by Miami Children’s Hospital, a leading children’s hospital that is renowned for excellence in pediatric medical care from birth to adolescence. With leading physicians in South Florida, Miami Children’s hospital offers expertise in orthopedic sports medicine to help patients recover from injuries.

Unnecessary Injuries Take Their Toll On Olympic Hopefuls

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By John Harmata, Ask Mr. Edge

askmredgeIce skaters worldwide have been struggling with the same recurring injuries for decades. Figure skating has no governing body to oversee the development of guidelines or standards for how skates should be fitted, mounted, or sharpened; therefore, it’s no wonder there are so many injuries to skaters at every level and discipline.

Competitive figure skaters can experience a variety of injuries throughout their skating careers, many of which could have been avoided all together if only the correct information had been available.

Knowing What’s Right

What is the correct information? First and foremost; having an understanding of foot mechanics and the relationship between proper boot fit, blade mounting, sharpening, and the role each of them can play in causing injury.

Foot Mechanics

Foot mechanics involve complex structures and positions. Each foot is supported and controlled by ligaments, muscles, and tendons, and provide the skater with powerful and precise movements. The bones of the foot must be positioned in such a way so that certain joints are locked into a neutral position which allows other needed joints to provide controlled movement while skating. If proper positioning of the bones and joints in the feet is absent, falls occur more often; arch, leg cramps, and back pain appear with more regularity; and poor skating performance is the result.

Skating Boots

Competitive skaters need to have their boots fitted more precisely than a recreational skater does. When fitting a boot, it’s important not to leave any room for growth, lock the heel in place, and ensure the right amount of support has been added to the boot. Too much support can lead to an acute injury to the lower leg, while a lack of support may cause bruising to the instep area of the foot, commonly called lace bite.

Orthotics

Skaters, who present with pronated or flat feet, are usually best served when using prescription orthotics in their boots. The role of prescription orthotics in skating is to put the foot and lower extremities in their best, most efficient functional positions. This improved joint alignment allows skaters at all levels to achieve two important things: reduce the chance of injury and enhance skating performance: speed, balance, edges, endurance, jumps, and landings.

Blade Mounting – Boot and Blade Interface

Once you have the boot issue resolved, the next step is making sure the blade is mounted correctly. Skating on a blade no more than 1/8” wide is hard enough, but landing double and triple jumps makes it even more difficult.

Mounting blades is no easy task and therefore having the proper boot and blade interface is necessary before mounting the blades. By interface I mean where the blade is attached to the bottom of the boot. The surface area where the blade is attached should be as level as possible. If not, a skater will have difficulty in landing jumps and spinning. Not only is balance off, but injury of some sort is likely.

– Guest author, John Harmata, askmredge.com

Sports ‘Free Play’ Could Protect Against Youth-Athlete Injuries

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From Your Health Journal…..”My regular visitors know I love and always promote the Education Week web site and plug their great articles whenever I can. Today, they had a great article called, Sports ‘Free Play’ Could Protect Against Youth-Athlete Injuries by Bryan Toporek. I placed a small snip here from the article, but recommend all of you to visit the Education Week web site (link provided below) to read the complete article. The article discusses how single-sport specialization and an increase in organized competition could lead to a higher rate of injuries for youth-athletes. This means the more unorganized competition and “free play” could help protect against youth-athlete injuries. This does make sense, as sometimes, there is a sense of urgency in organized play, competing to be the best, a ‘whatever’ cost to the athlete to improve performance and outcome. Please visit the Education Week web site for the full story.”

From the article…..

Single-sport specialization and an increase in organized competition could lead to a higher rate of injuries for youth-athletes, according to a study presented at the Society for Tennis Medicine and Science and United States Tennis Association-Tennis Medicine and Injury Conference.

The findings, released to the public this past Friday, suggest that more unorganized competition and “free play” could help protect against youth-athlete injuries.

Dr. Neeru Jayanthi, an associate professor at the Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, and colleagues investigated 891 youth-athletes in the Chicago area for this study. Out of the pool of participants, 618 of those athletes went to the Loyola University Health System or Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago for treatment of sports injuries, while the other 273 were uninjured and came in for sports physicals.

The study included 124 total tennis players, 74 of whom specialized in only tennis.

Among the 74 single-sport tennis players, 65 of them (about 87.5 percent) reported an injury, while only nine did not. The 65 who were injured spent 12.6 hours per week playing organized tennis and only 2.4 hours a week in free play or recreation. Comparatively, the uninjured single-sport tennis players played organized tennis for 9.7 hours per week and spent 4.3 hours per week in free play or recreation. Both the injured and noninjured specialized tennis players spent roughly the same amount of time per week in either organized or recreational play.

To read the full story…..Click here

Guest Post – Warren Potash, The Other Girl Will Be Injured – It Will Never be Me

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girlsoccerThe prevailing wisdom in youth sports is that I am invincible and the other girl will get hurt – not me.

This type of thinking is partially responsible for the current injury levels in female sports. Not understanding the many challenges that occur at puberty and not understanding how the lower body kinetic chain works in harmony; i.e., ankle-knee-hip chain is interrelated. Training to play sports provides a stable foundation for all sport movements.

E.g., directional kicking in soccer – analyzing the biomechanics of a 45◦ angle kick one will see that without control of the lower body and core for trunk rotation – this type of kick becomes problematic.

Matter of fact, youth soccer coaches bemoan this fact – why can’t my girls put the ball where it needs to be consistently? Well, it’s not their fault. A coach cannot will the youngster to perform this kick properly. If the female athlete has received proper – safe and age-appropriate – training before she begins playing soccer, she can perform this kick with accuracy and consistency.

Let’s look at what happens during a 45◦ angle kick. The plant leg must be bent at the knee and the trunk must rotate so the hips are square to the target. The kicking leg requires sufficient strength and quickness to direct the ball where the player receiving the pass gets the ball in stride.

Did you know that an untrained female athlete doesn’t have the ability to perform this kick consistently throughout a game – especially when she is fatigued? Female athletes are prone to a CNS-Fatigue-Injury cycle that is much different than same-age males. “Several characteristics of CNS performance such as reaction time, processing speed, memory and visual spatial awareness have been linked to injury, and some display a gender bias” [Swanik CB, PhD, ATC; LER magazine, February 2011].

femalestrainingHowever, when a female athlete receives lower body training for balance, neuromuscular control, and proprioception (what I call BNP Training at www.learn2trainsafely.com) along with core and cardiovascular training – tasks that were hard to difficult become much easier to accomplish.

Any athlete needs to be able to perform at the highest levels in the first 5 minutes of a contest and maintain this performance level through the last 5 minutes of a contest. Sub-maximal interval training accomplishes this safely and can be done with minimal impact to the lower body. At the same time, training the lower body kinetic chain for strength, flexibility, and maximum ROM [range of motion] allows every female athlete to be the best she can become on her field of play and minimize her risk for injury.

Since female athlete’s non-contact ACL injury rates are much higher than male athletes – every youth sports coach needs to be aware of what needs to be done to account for the differences that occur at puberty and help their youngsters receive proper training before a season begins. During the season, enough maintenance training must be incorporated into a program so every youngster maintains her gains and doesn’t become more prone to injury.

It is the adult’s responsibility to tell the young female athletes that training to play sports must be part of their commitment to participating in their sport. Once the adults value training and incorporate it into their team’s goals for each season, we can achieve a solution to minimize the risk of injury for all female athletes. Now is the time for today’s parents to insist that their daughter-athlete has received quality training to play her sport(s).

Warren J. Potash is specialist in exercise therapy and sports nutrition and the author of They’re Not Boys – Safely Training the Adolescent Female Athlete (2012) as well as the co-author of Your Lower Back (1993)