ACSM Publishes Science Behind The Updated Physical Activity Guidelines For Americans

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From The American College of Sports Medicine…..

joggersThe American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) today published a collection of 14 new pronouncements that present the science behind the updated Physical Activity Guidelines released in November 2018. Authored primarily by ACSM subject matter experts, each pronouncement addresses a specific topic, sharing the scientific evidence and identifying key knowledge gaps for future research to address. The “Scientific Pronouncements: Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, 2nd Edition” collection is published in ACSM’s flagship research journal, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise®.

“Publishing these papers aligns with ACSM’s mission to advance and integrate scientific research to improve education and the practical applications of exercise science and sports medicine. It also gives us an opportunity to highlight the innovative research and collaboration of our members,” said ACSM President-elect and Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee member William E. Kraus, M.D., FACSM. “While the Physical Activity Guidelines rightfully receive a great deal of attention, the research evidence underlying them doesn’t. The translated research will help people worldwide be more active, combat chronic disease and ultimately live longer, healthier lives.”

Authors used best practice methodology to conduct the scientific reviews. This is a multistep process that includes identifying specific questions to answer, developing criteria, conducting systematic searches, reviewing evidence, assessing quality and composing a comprehensive summary. The steps mirror what ACSM uses to develop its own position stands and newer umbrella reviews. This methodology ensures the reviews accurately represent the science and reflect the current state of knowledge.

Topics addressed in the pronouncements range from the relationships between physical activity and health outcomes like cancer, cognition, hypertension, pregnancy and aging to specific physical activity metrics like daily step counts, activity bout duration and high intensity interval training (HIIT).

Health care and fitness professionals as well as basic and applied scientists can use the pronouncements to identify gaps in literature and plan future research projects. They can also cite the pronouncements as current evidence in research papers and grant applications. Additionally, the information can inform the development and delivery of effective interventions.

seniorjogger“ACSM is thrilled to bring these noteworthy papers together in one collection that is freely available for members and the public,” added Kraus. “Having all of the papers in one place provides health care and fitness professionals, as well as basic and applied scientists, with the information they need for day-to-day work with clients, teaching students or with patients in a clinical setting.”

In addition to the U.S. Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report—Introduction, titles included in the ACSM Scientific Pronouncements: Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans collection are:

  • Daily Step Counts for Measuring Physical Activity Exposure and Its Relation to Health
  • Association between Bout Duration of Physical Activity and Health: Systematic Review
  • High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) for Cardiometabolic Disease Prevention
  • Sedentary Behavior and Health: Update from the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee
  • Physical Activity, Cognition and Brain Outcomes: A Review of the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines
  • Physical Activity in Cancer Prevention and Survival: A Systematic Review
  • Physical Activity and the Prevention of Weight Gain in Adults: A Systematic Review
  • Physical Activity, All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality, and Cardiovascular Disease
  • Physical Activity and Health in Children under 6 Years of Age: A Systematic Review
  • The Benefits of Physical Activity during Pregnancy and Postpartum: An Umbrella Review
  • Physical Activity, Injurious Falls and Physical Function in Aging: An Umbrella Review
  • Physical Activity to Prevent and Treat Hypertension: A Systematic Review
  • Effects of Physical Activity in Knee and Hip Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Umbrella Review
  • Physical Activity Promotion: Highlights from the 2018 PAGAC Systematic Review

View and download the collection of scientific pronouncements at

About the American College of Sports Medicine
The American College of Sports Medicine is the largest sports medicine and exercise science organization in the world. More than 50,000 international, national and regional members are dedicated to advancing and integrating scientific research to improve educational and practical applications of exercise science and sports medicine. More details can be found at

Dietary Guidelines For Cardiovascular Disease

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This article is courtesy of PRWeb, please share your thoughts below…..although from August, it has a lot of valuable information…..

saladplateMore than 400 clinicians now hold a solution to help their patients combat the early signs and advanced stages of cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death worldwide.

The nonprofit Physicians Committee concludes its third annual International Conference on Nutrition in Medicine (ICNM), accredited by the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences (GWSMHS), in Washington this weekend, led by an international panel of 21 cardiovascular disease researchers.

“We’re offering a scientifically proven way to save lives and curb skyrocketing health care costs,” says conference host Neal Barnard, M.D., president and founder of the Physicians Committee and an adjunct associate professor of medicine with the GWSMHS. “A dietary intervention treats both the symptoms and root cause of heart disease, which can start in utero.”

The Dietary Guidelines for Atherosclerosis Treatment and Prevention, available at 2 p.m. EST on Aug. 1, compiles key information from panelists, including findings from the Bogalusa Heart Study from Gerald Berenson, M.D., with Tulane University’s Center for Cardiovascular Health, to the effectiveness of a plant-based dietary intervention for cardiovascular disease treatment from both Kim Williams, M.D., president of the American College of Cardiology, and Caldwell Esselstyn, M.D., with the Cleveland Clinic Wellness Institute.

Dr. Barnard and David Katz, M.D., with Yale University’s Prevention Research Center, break down nutrition myths that surround dietary cholesterol and saturated fat, while Leena I. Kauppila, M.D., from Terveystalo Healthcare, and Stephen L. Kopecky, M.D., with the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, discuss back pain and erectile dysfunction, two underlying symptoms of heart disease.

Physicians new to writing dietary prescriptions will have a first-hand taste of fiber-packed, cholesterol-lowering foods after sampling chia seed pudding, fresh kale and beet salads, and plant-based vegan entrées, including Thai yellow curry, quinoa sweet potato cakes, roasted tomato hummus with squash linguine and pineapple relish, and local tofu with carrots, snap peas, and bok choy.

Clinicians will leave Washington with 13 continuing medical education (CME) credits and travel-friendly workout tips from exercise physiologist Marco Borges, founder of 22 Days Nutrition, who is now as well known for his Saturday “Wake-Up Call Workout” as he is for helping top stars, like Beyoncé and Jennifer Lopez, stay in cardiovascular shape.

Visit to download a copy of the Dietary Guidelines for Atherosclerosis Treatment and Prevention, to view speaker presentations, and to access heart-healthful nutrition tips and recipes.

CME videos of the conference’s presentations will be available later this year at

Making Sense Of Revised Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines

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This article was submitted by the Baylor College of Medicine, please share your thoughts below…..

didyouknow?With the recent announcement of revised breast cancer screening guidelines that lean toward a later and less frequent approach for average risk women, some may be confused about what screening plan path to take. Experts from the Lester and Sue Smith Breast Center at Baylor College of Medicine offered advice to help sort through the confusion.

“The American Cancer Society guideline changes relate only to those women of average risk,” said Dr. Emily Sedgwick, director of breast imaging in the Smith Breast Center. “Women with known risk factors do not fall into this group and should follow a different screening plan as recommended by their doctors.”

Understanding your risk

Bottom line, every woman should take a proactive role in knowing and understanding their risk for breast cancer. “Unfortunately, three out of four women I diagnose with breast cancer have no risk factors,” Sedgwick said.

It is important to note the revised guidelines said women between the ages of 40 – 44 have the choice to start annual mammograms if they wish to do so.

Those known risk factors include:

* Women with a strong family history – first degree relative such as a mother, daughter, sister

* Known genetic mutation such as the BRCA gene

* Previous breast biopsy or abnormal mammogram

* Early menstrual cycle (starting at 11 years or younger)

* Being overweight

* Having a dense breast tissue on mammogram

It has been shown that women who have dense tissue on their mammograms are at least four times more likely to develop breast cancer. If a woman does not receive her screening mammogram at age 40, she would not know if she was at increased risk of developing breast cancer.

A link to the new guidelines, announced by the American Cancer Society yesterday, can be found online here. The group calls for screening to start at age 45 for average risk women and continue annually through age 55. Patients may choose to have an annual exam or every other year after age 55. Women should continue to have mammograms as long as they are in good health.

Women with a family history should start screening 10 years younger than the diagnosis age of the first relative. For example, if mother was diagnosed at 40, daughter should begin at age 30.

The younger women issue

Younger women are still diagnosed with breast cancer, which is a constant source of confusion surrounding screening guidelines. It’s important to know the facts, Sedgwick said.

“Most women who are diagnosed are postmenopausal,” she said. “But about 25 to 30 percent of women are diagnosed below the age of 50 which is a significant number of women.”

It is important to talk to you doctor and make a decision when to start, she said.

Bottom line, every woman should take a proactive role

“The issue with younger women and early screenings is that they tend to have more false positives,” said Sedgwick. “False positives may lead to more follow up tests including additional mammograms, biopsies, MRIs and ultrasounds. This testing, even if normal, can be psychologically stressful for some time to come. We overcome some of that anxiety by providing same day mammography work-up and biopsy at the Smith Breast Center.”

Sedgwick said the introduction of new technology, such as the three dimensional mammography screening, reduces false positives, which can be a particular problem in younger women with dense breast tissue.

“The issue of cancer screening guidelines and constant revisions is heavily reported in the news,” said Sedgwick. “I encourage women to understand their own risk of developing breast cancer and to work with a physician who can help them understand. A physician can help you make sense of what may be misleading information reported on a very important topic.”

The Smith Breast Center is a major component of the Dan L. Duncan Cancer Center at Baylor, an NCI-Designated Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Guidelines Tell U.S. Consumers To Say “No” To Sugar

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This article is courtesy of PRweb, please share your comments below….. U.S. Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which are released every five years, were issued last week and one of the new guidelines’ strongest recommendation is something that consumers have already caught on to — limiting sugar intake, reports The NPD Group, a leading global information company. Overall, U.S. consumers have indicated that sugar is the number one item they try to avoid in their diet and are eating less sugary foods and beverages, according to NPD’s ongoing food consumption research.

The new dietary guidelines recommend that only 10 percent of daily calories come from added sugars. Although this may sound like a lofty goal, consumers have cut down on foods and beverages with high sugar content, like carbonated soft drinks, fruit drinks and juice, ice cream and frozen treats, and other sweet snacks. Consumption of sugar-free, unsweetened, or reduced sugar products, which is highest among young children and adults 55 and older, follows the trend in concern about sugar overall. Calories were once the top item consumers looked for on nutrition facts labels, but now it is sugar.

Cholesterol, the outcast of past dietary guidelines, is no longer a dietary concern according to the new guidelines. NPD’s food consumption research shows that consumers are in line with this since their concern for cholesterol content has continued to decline since 2006. Eggs, which bore the brunt of the anti-cholesterol push, are back in vogue and consumption is up as consumers look for more sources of protein.

Eating more fruits and vegetables is a perennial federal dietary standard and is still front-and-center in the new guidelines. There is good and bad news in regards to this standard. The good news is: consumers are eating more fruits and fruit is among the top growing better-for-you snacks. The bad news is: vegetables are still fighting to find their way into Americans’ hearts and stomachs.

“Consumer alignment with the new guidelines speaks volumes to our collective shift toward eating more healthfully,” says Darren Seifer, NPD food and beverage industry analyst. “We have nutritional information at our fingertips. Some seek it consciously and others hear it subliminally. If there is a weight or health problem, it’s typically not a result of nutritional ignorance.”

About The NPD Group
The NPD Group provides global information and advisory services to drive better business decisions. By combining unique data assets with unmatched industry expertise, we help our clients track their markets, understand consumers, and drive profitable growth. Sectors covered include automotive, beauty, consumer electronics, entertainment, fashion, food / foodservice, home, luxury, mobile, office supplies, sports, technology, toys, and video games. For more information, visit and Follow us on Twitter: @npdgroup.

Fitness Assessment Guidelines For Kids

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By Rebecca Jones

Why do we require fitness test?

vectorboypushupFitness assessments provide great information for various fields. The data collected from these assessments are useful to identify young strengths and weaknesses of individuals. Accordingly, we can work on the weakness of the individual so that failure may not result in future, as well we can more appropriately enhance the strength of person so that they may achieve goals. We can then decide appropriate and deterministic working programs based on the results that we achieved from the assessment. kids fitness assessments also provide the information which determine the risk that the kid may face before conducting the recruited exercises, but assessment provide a base for it and the organized data to evaluate the kids performance and the progress throughout kids’ exercise programs.

Not only this, but You can also use the information to educate kids and their parents about their fitness Senior As well you can use this information to compared it with others of the same age and gender. So that you may check that out where you are basically lagging. Physical education (PE) teachers and school guides may use this relevant information to evaluate and design their own PE programs. Practically, assessment results may be used for the motivation for kids so that they could incorporate a more active lifestyle in order to increase their fitness and physically become more deliberated.

exerciseBut unfortunately, currently there is no kids’ assessment test that is used universally, established, and practiced by all fitness professionals. Yes it is required that, now all the health institute must practice a standardized fitness assessment test appropriate for all kids, the fitness world could establish standardize data regarding kids’ fitness and performance that any trainer could employ, so that work is done in a more standardize fashion and in more organized manner. Universally, within different populations in different countries, the resulted information of the assessment are compared by different fitness professionals; and different countries may have different norms and standards for fitness evaluation; these norms allow us to grasp the knowledge about the accurate evaluation of health-related fitness trends. This may help to understand more about kids’ growth, maturation and physical activity levels.

The Tools Required for Kids’ Fitness Testing:

We do not require a lot of investment in purchasing a lot of new equipment to do fitness assessments for children. What is more required is knowledge about this field, relevant data and patience to handle kids on their work. Here is the minimum equipment required to complete all of the tests:

• scale
• stadiometer
• skin foldcaliper or other body composition tool
• spring-loaded Gulick (anthropometric) tape
• stethoscope and blood pressure cuff
• stopwatch
• metronome
• cones or a marked course
• treadmill track
• step or cycle ergo meter
• sit-and-reach box or yardstick and roll of tape
• exercise mats

Accordingly the space around you should also accommodate the things you want to accommodate in your lifestyle. Such as things and your interests. It is important to consider the environment as a basic level, especially when it comes to reduce the level of anxiety and weakness. To help kids, suggest hanging up posters or pictures of cartoon characters or athletes exercising in your basic setting. If possible and time allows you, you can also show your young each piece of equipment in advance and demonstrate how you will use it.

boypushupEventually during the actual assessment, it is recommended to take all measurements standing at the child’s side rather than bending down to the child’s level, as measurement error is more prone when the tester is cramped or crouched. In this case, you should ask the child to stand on stable platform so that child may manage to be at your level. Should always try to have a parent or co-worker present in the room while taking measurements on a child, to avoid any situation that could be considered inappropriate. Parent nearby can also reduce the child’s anxiety during testing, which will enhance and improve the validity of the test results.

Youth Fitness Testing Protocols

There are two best and most widely used testing programs for kids they are:


President’s Challenge program.

Most fitness professionals use one or the other, or a combination of the two, as their assessment of choice.

Although, the tests associated with these two programs are more or less similar, but the interpreted result/ information of assessment may differ considerably. The major difference between the two programs is that the President’s Challenge program focuses more on skill-related testing, whereas the FITNESS GRAM assessment is more health-related.

– Rebecca is a blogger by profession. She loves writing, reading and travelling. Besides this she is fond of luxury cars and wishes to own a SSC Tuatara one day.

First-Ever Guidelines Issued For Treating Type 2 Diabetes In Kids

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diabeticFrom Your Health Journal…..”A very important article recently from US News & World Report via HealthDay by Serena Gordon entitled First-Ever Guidelines Issued For Treating Type 2 Diabetes In Kids. I do encourage all of you to visit the UN News site to read about these new guidelines. I find it important to spread the word on such topic, and always try to send traffic to other great sites like US News. This article points to the the fact that for the first time ever, the American Academy of Pediatrics has issued new guidelines for the management of type 2 diabetes in children and teenagers. Most pediatricians only dealt with Type 1 diabetes, but due to the rise in Type 2 diabetes in children, a change was needed. As many of you know, Type 2 diabetes used to be called ‘adult onset’ diabetes. In our modern day era, where many children are now obese or overweight, many young kids now get this disease, which is environmental. Weight doesn’t play a role in the development of type 1 diabetes, but it’s possible that someone with type 1 could be overweight, making an immediate diagnosis of the type of diabetes very hard. Please visit the US News web site (link provided below) to view the complete article.”

From the article…..

For the first time ever, the American Academy of Pediatrics has issued guidelines for the management of type 2 diabetes in children and teenagers aged 10 to 18.

Until recently, pediatricians have mostly had to deal with type 1 diabetes, which has a different cause and usually a different management than type 2 diabetes. But, today, due largely to the rise in childhood obesity, as many as one in three children diagnosed with diabetes has type 2.

“Pediatricians and pediatric endocrinologists are used to dealing with type 1 diabetes. Most have had no formal training in the care of children with type 2,” said one of the authors of the new guidelines, Dr. Janet Silverstein, division chief of pediatric endocrinology at the University of Florida, in Gainesville.

“The major reason for the guidelines is that there’s been an increase in overweight and obesity in children and adolescents, with more type 2 diabetes in that population, making it important for general pediatricians, as well as endocrinologists to have structured guidelines to follow,” she said.

For example, it can be very difficult to distinguish immediately whether or not a child has type 1 or type 2 diabetes, especially if a child is overweight. The only way to tell for sure is a test for islet antibodies. Because type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, a child or teen with type 1 will have islet antibodies that destroy the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. But, it can take weeks to get the results of these tests, according to Silverstein.

Weight doesn’t play a role in the development of type 1 diabetes, but it’s possible that someone with type 1 could be overweight, making an immediate diagnosis of the type of diabetes very hard. If someone with type 1 diabetes is mistakenly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and given oral medications — such as metformin — instead of the insulin they must have, they can get very sick, very quickly.

To read the complete article…..Click here